How does the gum heal after the extraction of a tooth

Every Schill Dental Clinic dentist does everything to save a tooth. Tooth extraction is the very last option – it usually only occurs when the tooth is unhealthy and cannot be saved. But what about after a tooth extraction?

1. Gum healing process after a tooth extraction

Pulling a tooth is an invasive intervention that is followed by natural healing, which takes approximately 4 to 6 weeks. During this time, the gums and then the bone heals. Even though the damaged tooth has been removed, the site may remain sensitive and sore for a few more days.

2. What to do after a tooth extraction?

It’s important to keep the sterile swab from your dentist in place for at least 15 mins after its insertion. When the local anaesthesia wears off, you may experience discomfort, slight pain and swelling. Use an ice pack to alleviate the symptoms – but only during the first twenty-four hours. If used for longer, it could impede the healing process.

VIDEO: What to do/not do after a tooth extraction

Avoid gum irritation

After a tooth extraction, avoid factors that can irritate sensitive gums. In particular, cigarettes, alcohol and dairy products should be avoided during the first twenty-four hours. Plain, mushy and not-too-hot food is also recommended. Excess heat does not benefit the wound, so hot compresses should be avoided.

Careful dental hygiene

Proper dental hygiene should always be followed. The only exception is when a tooth is extracted: then you should treat the damaged area very carefully. Use a soft toothbrush with fine bristles for the surrounding teeth, but do not brush the wound directly. Don’t rinse the mouth on the day of the extraction. The mouth needs time to form a blood clot to prevent further bleeding, and rinsing slows this down. After the second or third day, help the healing process with a herb infusion, such as agrimony or sage.

3. When to return to the clinic?

If your condition deteriorates after the fourth day or even later, visit your dentist again. The same applies if you feel something sharp and hard at the wound site – even if it doesn’t hurt. This may be a broken piece of root or a bone fragment. Also visit your dentist if the wound continues to bleed.

4. What about after the tooth extraction?

The remaining gap is an aesthetic and health problem. Not being able to properly chew food can cause digestive problems and other risks. One is the proper articulation of words. In addition, missing teeth also affect the overall facial expression, and a sunken face appearance can arise with multiple extractions. To avoid these issues and the movement of the remaining teeth, gaps should be filled with an appropriate dental replacement. The most natural and best dental replacement is a dental implant.


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