Children's dentistry

Dental office is often a scarecrow for children. Confidence between a dentist and a young patient is being built for a very long time. The parent should function in this relationship as an intermediary preparing the child that when you look after your teeth properly, then visiting a dentist is not a painful experience.

Preparation is crucial

Fear of a dentist in children often arises from an unpleasant experience or mismanagement of the family. It is advisable to explain to the child and even practice the steps that they can expect when visiting the dentist. The simple solution is to make up a short story, telling the child that the dentist will look at their teeth, wash the teeth and sometimes the dentist even hug them. Since the child most trusts their parents, they should support them and show them that cooperation and listening to the dentist is crucial for their dental health. Parents must not use the word don't worry, because that is how the children get the feeling that they should be afraid.

The child should come to the dentist's office for the first time only to familiarize themselves with the doctor and the surgery. Coming when the child already feels pain is too late. The aim of the first meeting should be to become familiar with the staff and the environment, preferably in the form of an interactive game.

Communication and informing the child about the actions should be left to the doctor. Their job is to win a young patient to their side. In case of cooperation, the child should be rewarded. If the child does not cooperate with the doctor, local or general anaesthesia may be given.

We recommend the first preventive check-ups at the time when the child is just 6 months old. Early preventive check-up is educational not only for the child, but also for their parents. They will learn the right tooth cleaning technique and will be instructed about proper dental health nutrition. The check-up should be done until their temporary molar teeth come out.

 

What are the most common problems for children?

While adults often struggle with aesthetic or periodontal problems, children most often struggle with dental cavities, developmental errors, and problems resulting from injuries. Another important problem that we encounter not only in children's dental care is laziness, or not enough time put to precisely clean the teeth.

In children up to 3 years of age, cavities are most common in chewing areas. Among others, the so-called “bottle or pacifier cavities” often occur when a baby falls asleep with a sweet drink bottle. Children should start taking care of their teeth when they are around 2-years-old. However, the parent's assistance is crucial, and they should help the child until the age of 12.

Interdental cavities may appear in preschool age (3-6-year-old). Subsequently, a hard-to-reach space is created under the contact area. It is important to build a habit in the child of regularly cleaning their teeth. A colourful toothbrush or a play can be used as a suitable motivation.

In schoolchildren (6-15 years old), the most common are cavities in the chewing surfaces of their first molar teeth (first permanent molar teeth), later in the space between permanent and temporary molar teeth. At this age, particular attention should be paid to contact areas of all teeth - both temporary and permanent.

What are your most frequent questions?

Our experienced dentist will show the precise dental care of your child's teeth However, in order to develop healthy teeth, it is recommended to follow a few basic principles. It is important to clean the front teeth after each feeding, sweetened syrup or tea, using a damp brush or wiping cloth. At night it is advisable to drink only unsweetened drinks.

Breastfeeding should be discontinued after cutting the first teeth and you should teach the baby to drink from the glass. In this period, tendencies to bad habits develop - mouth breathing, pacifier habit, thumb sucking, etc. Also, eating sweets should be controlled by the parent. It is advisable to teach children to drink sweetened tea or water and not to prefer sweet drinks.

It is also important to clean teeth with a soft brush using a wiping technique as well as precise cleaning of the interdental spaces with a floss or interdental brushes. All teeth and dental surfaces must be clean. Preventive measures include, but not limited to, fluoridation. It is optimal to use fluoridation products with children's toothpaste and during dental hygiene.

Dental orthopaedics - orthodontists are primarily concerned with dental correction. Orthodontic problems can arise from a variety of factors - when deciduous teeth or milk teeth are changed for permanent teeth, inheritance, lack of space in the oral cavity, unsuitable shape or size of teeth, misaligned teeth, etc. Standard is the correction is done around the age of 8, but it is individual with each child.

Based on detailed orthopaedic examinations, the orthodontist develops a treatment plan that includes the application of the apparatus - whether fixed, removable, or splinted. The active treatment process many times takes much longer in children than in adult patients. Often, the process starts with milk teeth when the dentist and the orthodontist wait for their permanent teeth to replace the temporary ones. Depending on the child's condition and age, the orthodontist may recommend consultations with a dental surgeon, a speech therapist, an ENT specialist. Read more about orthodontics at orthodontics page (link ortodoncia)

Crowns are used to deal with large defects caused by cavities, injury or developmental anomalies. This is especially the case when the teeth are damaged so much that children refuse food. Crowns can also be used for milk teeth. This is mainly because the loss of such teeth before getting permanent teeth can have negative consequences for the patient's next condition. Fortunately, modern technologies allow us to save the tooth also at a later stage of the problem - for example, endodontic treatment

Dental sealing is a preventive and painless procedure used to protect children's teeth from dental cavities. It consists in applying special material onto their teeth, and best in time after they cut. Most often, the chewing surfaces of morals are painted with a thin coating so that the bacteria causing the caries cannot reach in grooves and less accessible places. This form of prevention is particularly useful in the case of deciduous or milk teeth, in order to prevent formation of cavities in milk teeth and spreading to the permanent ones. Sealants protect the tooth surface for 3 to 5 years. It should be emphasized that only healthy teeth, that have grooves or bumps on the surface that are difficult to clean, can be sealed. Teeth that have cavities or are in the process of treatment are not sealed.


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